Throughout January-May 2017 Nochlezhka’s Legal Adviser, Igor Karlinsky, monitored job adverts online to determine if they are compliant with the existing legislation on labour and employment.
Nochlezhka’s expert was interested in ads which required registration (usually referred to as “propiska” (a registered permanent residence)), which is a violation of Article 64 of the Labour Code) and other discriminatory requirements such as:
- no criminal record of potential employees or their relatives (apart from jobs where such requirements are stipulated by the current legislation);
- existing individual taxpayer’s number in cases where job applicants are not legally obliged to provide the number;
- belonging to a particular ethnic group;
- particular ethnic looks.
Overall, Igor Karlinsky identified hundreds of adverts containing unlawful requirements for job applicants. There were also adverts which had several illegal requirements at the same time. For instance, a job advert for a cook which listed following requirements - “only Russians, 30-55 years old, registration in Saint-Petersburg or Leningrad Oblast”.
“Homeless people can be discriminated against not only because they have no registration, but also on any other individual characteristic - sex, age, origin. Job adverts which contain discriminatory requirements are simple manifestations of the most common forms of discrimination on the labour market. By comparing these monitoring results with the last year’s analysis, we see that the number of such adverts does not decrease. In other words, the level of discrimination of citizens, including homeless people, on the labour market does not decrease. Last year we sent our statements to the Federal Agency for Labour and Employment, Saint-Petersburg’s Prosecutor’s Office, Saint-Petersburg Labour and Employment Committee. Unfortunately, the lack of any progress in this field shows that measures taken by these authorities proved to be ineffective” - Igor Karlinskiy, Nochlezhka’s Legal Adviser.
Nochlezhka sent the 2017 research results to the Prosecutor’s office and to the Ombudsman for Human Rights in St. Petersburg.
This project is partly funded by the state as part of the grant established by President’s Order dated 05 April 2016 No. 68-rp and under the competition ran by the Civil Dignity movement.
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